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Encampment at Burlington Heights

Starting on June 1st, 1813 and lasting until September 1st 1815, Burlington Heights was a British encampment and fortification at the head of Lake Ontario. Now the location of Dundurn Castle, Burlington Heights was originally the farm of Richard Beasley. The British Army took possession of Beasley’s farm and fortified it to provide a base of operations in what is now the Hamilton area. The Army built three earthen defensive works as well as gun batteries, storehouses and gunpowder magazines. Burlington Heights would have been home to British troops, Native Warriors allied to the British, their wives and families, and refugees displaced by war.

We invite you to explore three panoramas depicting Burlington Heights as it would have been in 1813. You can also click on people and buildings to learn more about Burlington Heights and its role in the War of 1812.

1. South Battery, Third Line of Defense 10. Women and Children
2. Expense magazine 11. Barracks
3. Main magazine 12. 1st line of defense
4. Sally port / Traverse 13. Stand-alone magazine
5. Richard Beasley’s house 14. 2nd Line of Defense
6. Palisade/ 3rd line of defense Earthworks 15. Commissariat Storage building
7. British Troops 16. Tent Encampment
8. Blockhouse/ Beasley’s barn 17. Wigwams
9. Beasley’s wharf and warehouse  
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